Topic: Graphemes , Phonemes and Digraphs
Phonemes Each sound that you hear in a word is a Phoneme. It’s the smallest measurement of sound that makes up a complete word. Phonemes are only the sounds made. Understand that Phonemes can be made of more than one letter. Here are examples: Take the word dog for example. There are three Phonemes involved: the “d” sound, a short “aw” sound, and a “g” sound. The word **hope” is a three Phoneme word, too: the “h” sound, the long “oo” sound, and the “p” sound.
Graphemes A Grapheme is a symbol used to identify a phoneme; it’s a letter or group of letters representing the sound. You use the letter names to identify Graphemes, like the “c” in car is the grapheme that represents the sound "c" makes.
Digraphs A Digraph is a two-letter Grapheme that makes one sound. For example, the “ch” in choose, “sh” in shut, or “oa” in boat.