Caribbean Nation Builders
How Caribbean Nation Builders Contribute to the Devolopment of the Region.
Anyone who helps in a positive way to see the proper running of his country in any area can be described as a nation builder.However, there are persons whose roles are so significant that they cannot be overlooked.
In a country, nation builders come in different areas such as sports, politics, music, journalism,the labour movement and administration.
We will look at some of these nation builders. You may also do your own research to find information on some of them.
Throughout the Cariibean region,many persons have distinguished themselves in all the areas mentioned above.
See below the names of some great leaders in the Caribbean region.
Country Name(s) of Leader(s)
Antigua A. C. Bird
Barbados Sir Grantley Adams
Cuba Fidel Castro
Dominica Dame Eugenia Charles
Grenada T. A. Maryshow
Haiti Toussaint L’Ouverture
Jamaica Sir Alexander Bustamante, Norman Washington Manley, Marcus Mosiah Garvey
Trinidad&Tobago Arthur A. Ciprani, Dr. Eric Williams
Venezuela Simon Bolivar
Do you know who a National Hero is?
Throughout the Caribbean, there are some persons who have done outstanding work for their country. As a result, they have been given the award of National Hero. See some of them below.
Sir Grantley Adams
Sir Grantley Adams, one of Barbados’ ten National Heroes, rose to fame during the period 1937-1939. During this time, there were political unrests in the Caribbean. Sir Grantley was a very distinguished lawyer and politician in Barbados. he was the founder of the Barbados Labour Party. He was also greatly involved in the Workers’ Union. Sir Grantley served as the first and only Prime Minister of the West Indies Federation – from 1958-1962.
There is a statue in bridgetown, barbados which was built in honour of his memory. The grantley Aams International Airport in Barbados was also named in his honour.
History records this great freedom fighter as either Bussa/Busso or Bussoe. he led Barbados’ longest slave revolt in 1816 against racist and oppressive white Barbadian planters, He was born in Africa and was brought to Barbados as a slave. His exact dare of birth is uncertain but he dies in the year 1816. He was killed in battle.
Sir Garfield St. Auburn Sobers
Sir Garfield Sobers was born in the year 1936. He was the fifth of six children born to Shamont and Thelma Sobers of Walcott Avenue, Bay Land, St. Micheal, Barbados. His outstanding achievement in the sport of cricket gained him the honour and title of National Hero. He was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1975.
The Right Honourable Errol Walton Barrow (Q.C.)
Errol Walton Barrow was born in the parish of St. Lucy in Barbados. In 1951, he stood for election and won a seat. He also helped in writing the 1951 Manifesto. In 1955 he formed the Democratic Labour Party which held office for fifteen (15) years. He was Premier of Barbados from 1961-1966 and Prime Minister from 1966-1976 and also from 1985-1987.
He brought his people from Representative Government to democracy. Under his rule, free education was introduced at all levels. Health and other social services were improved. There was economic growth as a result of industrial development and vast growth of the tourist industry.
Jose Marti was born in La habana, Cuba. He was known as Cuba’s greatest freedom hero. He was also an accomplished poet, proffessor, a publisher, a revolutionary philosophre, a journalist and a political theorist.
He formed the Cuban Revolutionary Party. This movement led to the defeat of the Spanish army in 1898 and caused Cuba to be a free country in 1902. He literally died fighting for his country.
Today a school in Jamaica is named after this great hero. Do you know the name of this school? It is the Jose Marti Technical High School in Spanish Town, St. Catherine.
Dr. Cheddi Jagan D.D.S. (Doctor of Dental Surgery)
Dr. Cheddi Jagan was born in Albion, British Guiana. He recieved his education at Queen’s College in Georgetown. He also went to Howard University in Washington and the North Western University in Chicago.
He entered into politics because he was very displeased with the sort of racial prejudice that he saw, especially when he was at a certain university where he saw how blacks were treated. They were always at the lowest rung of the ladder. Dr. Jagan wanted to help in bringing some change in this area and other areas as well.
His party, in 1950, called an end to dual control of schools, that is, teachers were paid by the State, but were employed by the Church – or to be more specific were employed by the donominations, example, Methodists, Anglicans, Baptist, or others. He served as Chief Minister of Guyana from 1957-1961 and Premier from 1961-1964.
Through his efforts, the small country of Guyana experienced a wealth of benefits, social advancement and economic prosperity.
Caribbean Nation Builders