Subject: Social Studies
Date: October 1, 2020
Read, discuss and write some information from the sources Slavery in Jamaica You will remember that the first people enslaved in Jamaica were the Tainos. When most of the Tainos had been wiped out and the Spainards needed some workers they turned to Africa. Many Africans were captured and transported on big ships to the Caribbean. Case Study: Slave trades in Africa Thousands of years ago before Africans were brought to the Americas, there were many different tribes of African people. There were often wars between the tribes as groups migrated and settled in different areas. Some groups raids others for cattle or tried to get control of resources such as gold mines. Many Africans were captured during these wars and enslaved by their captors. From the 14th century, the Europeans came to the African continent in search of gold and to trade with the Africans. Gradually, Europeans increased their control in African lands and people so that they could control the trade and resources. Eventually by the 19th century, most of the African continent was colonized by the Europeans. In the Caribbean, there was great demand for African slave labour to work on the sugar plantations. Many Africans were captured and forced from their homelands to provide labour in the Caribbean and the Americas. The Spainards first began to trade Africans as slaves in the 14th century. The Dutch seized a part of this trade towards the end of the 15th century. Later, the French controlled the slave trade between 1670 and about 1713. Finally, the British then took control and transported most of the enslaved Africans to the Caribbean. In Jamaica, when the British invaded in 1655, the enslaved Africans who had worked for the Spanish ran away to the mountains and set up what became the Maroon settlements. The British chased them but could not recapture them. The British needed a great number of workers to work the sugar plantations and so they brought in thousands more enslaved Africans. The Sugar Plantations The focus question is: How did the coming of the ethnic groups affect the Caribbean? Life on the plantation for the skaves was brutal and unpleasant. The slaves belonged to the slave masters or owners. They had neither rights nor choices and had to work tirelessly for long hours in the hot sun. They were beaten and brutally punishedif they were disobedient or seen idling. Field slaves worked on the sugar plantations,while house slaves worked in the Great houses. Most slaves however ,worked on the plantations. Only at nights were the slaves allowed to engage in their different forms of recreations, such as singing, dancing, playing drums, telling stories and guessimg riddles. Life was really hard and unpleasant for slaves on the sugar plantations.