Carbohydrates (sugar and starches) – provide energy for the body. Eg. Bread, bread fruit and rice.
Protein – is necessary for the growth and repair of cells. Eg. Meat , cheese, fish and eggs.
Vitamins – protects the body from diseases. Eg. Fruits and vegetable.
Fats – also provides the body with energy eg. Butter , magarine and peas.
Iron – Helps the body to use the haemoglobin in the red blood cells.
Eg. Liver, kidney and green banans. * lack of iron – anaemia
Lack of protein in growing children may cause – kwashiorkor
Iodine – helps in the formation of hormones and is good for body growth …souces of iodine include all types of Seafood
Lack of iodine – goiter
Lacks of vitamin C – scurvy
Lack of vitamin D – scurvy
Lack of vitamin K – continuous bleeding
Fibre is another name for roughage which the body cannot absorb but it provides bulk in the intestine and helps to stimulate movement in the bowels. Fibre plays a very important role in regulating our bodies and helps with digestion and excretion.
Fruits, green leafy vegetables, nuts, peas and beans are excellent sources of fibre.
Types of sugar
Sucrose – natural sugar
Fructose – found in fruits
Lactose – found in milk
Calcium and phosphorous – minerals necessary for strong bones and teeth